Wood pellets are usually made from dry, untreated, industrial wood waste such as sawdust, shavings or ground wood chips. The mate¬rial is compressed under high pressure and temperature into small cylindrical shaped pellets. High density and low water content make transportation, storage and handling costs of pellets lower compared to non-processed materials like wood chips or agricultural residuals.
There are 2 categories of wood waste, pre-consumer reclaimed material and reclaimed material.
1. Pre-consumer reclaimed material: Material that is reclaimed from a process of secondary manufacture or further downstream industry, in which the material has not been intentionally produced, is unfit for end use and not capable of being re-used on-site in the same manufacturing process that generated it.
2. Reclaimed material: Material that demonstrably would have otherwise been disposed of as waste or used for energy recovery, but has instead been collected and reclaimed as input material, in lieu of virgin material, for re-use, recycling, re-milling in a manufacturing process or other commercial application. Inputs of the following material categories are classified as reclaimed material:
a) FSC Recycled material;
b) Post-consumer reclaimed material;
c) Pre-consumer reclaimed material.